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Lucian (Vol. 1-8) by Lucian of Samosata (Author)

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Lucian (Vol. 1-8) by Lucian of Samosata (Author)
   
  
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'Lucian' (Vol. 1)
By Lucian of Samosata (Author),  A. M. Harmon (Author)

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'Lucian' (Vol. 2)
By Lucian of Samosata (Author),  A. M. Harmon (Author)

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'Lucian' (Vol. 3)
By Lucian of Samosata (Author),  A. M. Harmon (Author)

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'Lucian' (Vol. 4)
By Lucian of Samosata (Author),  A. M. Harmon (Author)

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'Lucian' (Vol. 5)
By Lucian of Samosata (Author),  A. M. Harmon (Author)

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'Lucian' (Vol. 6)
By Lucian of Samosata (Author),  A. M. Harmon (Author)

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'Lucian' (Vol. 7)
By Lucian of Samosata (Author),  A. M. Harmon (Author)

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'Lucian' (Vol. 8)
By Lucian of Samosata (Author),  A. M. Harmon (Author)

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Description:

Lucian of Samosata (about 125 CE – after 180 CE) was a rhetorician and satirist who wrote in the Greek language during the Second Sophistic. He is noted for his witty and scoffing nature. He wrote solely in Greek, mainly Attic Greek, he also occasionally wrote in faux-Ionian dialect. There are 80 surviving works attributed to Lucian and he wrote in a variety of styles which included comic dialogues, rhetorical essays and prose fiction.

Lucian was also one of the earliest novelists in Western civilization. In A True Story, a fictional narrative work written in prose, he parodies some of the fantastic tales told by Homer in the Odyssey and also the not so fantastic tales from the historian Thucydides. He anticipated "modern" fictional themes like voyages to the moon and Venus, extraterrestrial life and wars between planets, nearly two millennia before Jules Verne and H. G. Wells. His novel is widely regarded as an early, if not the earliest science fiction work.

Lucian's On Dance is important for the history of dance as it is one of very few literary discussions of dance - specifically pantomime - that treats Roman dance in detail.

Lucian also wrote a satire called The Passing of Peregrinus, in which the lead character, Peregrinus Proteus, takes advantage of the generosity of Christians. This is one of the earliest surviving pagan perceptions of Christianity. His Philopseudes is a frame story which includes the original version of The Sorcerer's Apprentice.

In his Symposium, far from Plato's discourse, the diners get drunk, tell smutty tales and behave badly.

The Macrobii, which is devoted to longevity, has been attributed to Lucian, although it is generally agreed that he was not the author. It gives some mythical examples like that of Nestor who lived three generations or Tiresias, the blind seer of Thebes, who lived six generations. It tells about the Seres (Chinese) "who are said to live 300 years" or the people of Athos, "who are also said to live 130 years". Most of the examples of "real" men lived between 80 and 100 years, but ten cases of alleged centenarians are given. It also gives some advice concerning food intake and moderation in general.

Lucian's Kataplous or Downward Journey was deathbed-reading for David Hume and the source of Nietzsche's Übermensch or Overman.

There is debate over the authorship of some works transmitted under Lucian's name, such as the Amores and The Ass. These are usually not considered genuine works of Lucian and are normally cited under the name of "Pseudo-Lucian". The Ass is probably a summarized version of a story by Lucian, and contains largely the same basic plot elements as The Golden Ass (or Metamorphoses) of Apuleius, but with fewer inset tales and a different ending.

Note: 'The Great Books of the Western World' especially recommends Lucian's '
The Way to Write History', 'The True History', 'The Sale of Creeds', 'Alexander the Oracle Monger', 'Charon; The Sale of Lives', 'The Fisherman',  'Dialogue of the Gods', 'Dialogues of the Sea-Gods' and 'Dialogues of the Dead' all avaialable in these 8 volumes.
 
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