Photo: Ḍiyaʾ al-Din ʿAli b. Mulla Muḥammad Iraqi (Arabic: ضیاءالدین علي ابن ملا محمد عراقي) (b.1278/1861 - d.1361/1942), famous as Aqa Diya 'Iraqi, was a great shi'a jurist and expert in Usul al-fiqh (principle of jurisprudence). He was born in Sultanabad, Arak, Iran. He immigrated to Isfahan and then Najaf and was student of Sayyid Muhammad Fisharaki, Akhund Khurasani, Sayyid Muhammad Kazim Yazdi. His great scholarly endeavor made him recognized as an undisputed master in Usul al-fiqh and a renewer of this discipline. Sayyid Muhammad Taqi khwansari, Sayyid Abu al-Qasim Khoei, Sayyid 'Ali Kashani Yathribi and Sayyid Muhsin Hakim are few of his students.
Thou art the dweller of every house on whose door I knock,
Wherever I sojourn, Thou art the Light of the door way.
Be it tavern or monastery, Thou art its soul of souls.
In praying to the Ka‘bah or the house of idols, I have Thee in mind,
The purpose is Thou, the Ka‘bah and the idol house are but an excuse.
(Baha’ al-Din ‘Amili)
Quote Source and Recommended Reading:
'Sufism and American Literary Masters'
By Mehdi Aminrazavi (Editor), Jacob Needleman (Foreword)
This book reveals the rich, but generally unknown, influence of Sufism on nineteenth- and early twentieth-century American literature. The translation of Persian poets such as Hafiz and Sa’di into English and the ongoing popularity of Omar Khayyam offered intriguing new spiritual perspectives to some of the major American literary figures. As editor Mehdi Aminrazavi notes, these Sufi influences have often been subsumed into a notion of “Eastern,” chiefly Indian, thought and not acknowledged as having Islamic roots. This work pays considerable attention to two giants of American literature, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman, who found much inspiration from the Sufi ideas they encountered. Other canonical figures are also discussed, including Mark Twain, Herman Melville, Henry David Thoreau, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, along with literary contemporaries who are lesser known today, such as Paschal Beverly Randolph, Thomas Lake Harris, and Lawrence Oliphant.