Khwaja Abdul Khaliq Ghijduvani (died 1179) was one of seven of Central Asian Sufi teachers known as Khwajagan (the Masters) of the Naqshbandi order. Khwaja Abdul Khaliq was born in the small town of Ghijduvan, near Bukhara. His father had migrated to Central Asia from Malatya, in eastern Anatolia where he had been a prominent faqih. While Abdul Khaliq was studying tafsir in Bukhara he first had an awakening of interest in the path. He received further training at the hands of Yusuf Hamdani, and was the next link in the Naqshbandi silsila following him. Abdul Khaliq bequeathed to subsequent generations of the Naqshbandi silsila a series of principles governing their Sufi practice, concisely formulated in Persian and known collectively as "the Sacred Words" (kalimat-i qudsiya), or the "Rules" or "Secrets" of the Naqshbandi Order.
Khwaja Abdul Khaliq Ghijduvani has said:
“the wise seeker must safeguard his breath from heedlessness, coming in and going out, thereby keeping his heart always in the Divine Presence; and he must revive his breath with worship and servitude and dispatch this worship to His Lord full of life, for every breath which is inhaled and exhaled with Presence is alive and connected with the Divine Presence. Every breath inhaled and exhaled with heedlessness is dead, disconnected from the Divine Presence.”
Rumi's Garden Donates a Blessed Footprint Replica and the Ashtiname of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to Khwaja Al-Ghujdawani Mosque; Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
Photo by Don Croner