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Traditional Islamic Calligraphy Posters and Photos

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    Detailed Description:
     
    Item Number: 603
     
    High quality canvas replica of The Ashtiname of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. It measures 57 x 112 cm which is the same size as the original document. For an additional £10, an in-house certificate will be provided containing a translation of the letter.
     
    The Ashtiname of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, also known as the Covenant or Testament (Testamentum), is a document which is a charter ratified by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ granting protection and other privileges to the followers of Jesus the Nazarene, given to the Christian monks of Saint Catherine's Monastery. It is sealed with an imprint of Prophet Muhammad's ﷺ hand.
     
    According to the monks' tradition, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ frequented the monastery and had great relationships and discussions with the Sinai fathers. Several certified historical copies are displayed in the library of St Catherine, some of which are witnessed by the judges of Islam to affirm historical authenticity. The monks claim that during the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–17), the original document was seized from the monastery by Ottoman soldiers and taken to Sultan Selim I's palace in Istanbul for safekeeping. A copy was then made to compensate for its loss at the monastery. 
     
    Āshtīnāmeh is a Persian word meaning "Book of Peace", a Persian term for a treaty and covenant.
     
    English Translation of the Ashtiname by Anton F. Haddad
     
    This is a letter which was issued by Mohammed, Ibn Abdullah, the Messenger, the Prophet, the Faithful, who is sent to all the people as a trust on the part of God to all His creatures, that they may have no plea against God hereafter. Verily God is Omnipotent, the Wise. This letter is directed to the embracers of Islam, as a covenant given to the followers of Jesus the Nazarene in the East and West, the far and near, the Arabs and foreigners, the known and the unknown.
     
    This letter contains the oath given unto them, and he who disobeys that which is therein will be considered a disbeliever and a transgressor to that whereunto he is commanded. He will be regarded as one who has corrupted the oath of God, disbelieved His Testament, rejected His Authority, despised His Religion, and made himself deserving of His Curse, whether he is a Sultan or any other believer of Islam. Whenever Christian monks, devotees and pilgrims gather together, whether in a mountain or valley, or den, or frequented place, or plain, or church, or in houses of worship, verily we are [at the] back of them and shall protect them, and their properties and their morals, by Myself, by My Friends and by My Assistants, for they are of My Subjects and under My Protection.
     
    I shall exempt them from that which may disturb them; of the burdens which are paid by others as an oath of allegiance. They must not give anything of their income but that which pleases them—they must not be offended, or disturbed, or coerced or compelled. Their judges should not be changed or prevented from accomplishing their offices, nor the monks disturbed in exercising their religious order, or the people of seclusion be stopped from dwelling in their cells.
     
    No one is allowed to plunder these Christians, or destroy or spoil any of their churches, or houses of worship, or take any of the things contained within these houses and bring it to the houses of Islam. And he who takes away anything therefrom, will be one who has corrupted the oath of God, and, in truth, disobeyed His Messenger.
     
    Jizya should not be put upon their judges, monks, and those whose occupation is the worship of God; nor is any other thing to be taken from them, whether it be a fine, a tax or any unjust right. Verily I shall keep their compact, wherever they may be, in the sea or on the land, in the East or West, in the North or South, for they are under My Protection and the testament of My Safety, against all things which they abhor.
     
    No taxes or tithes should be received from those who devote themselves to the worship of God in the mountains, or from those who cultivate the Holy Lands. No one has the right to interfere with their affairs, or bring any action against them. Verily this is for aught else and not for them; rather, in the seasons of crops, they should be given a Kadah for each Ardab of wheat as provision for them, and no one has the right to say to them 'this is too much', or ask them to pay any tax.
     
    As to those who possess properties, the wealthy and merchants, the poll-tax to be taken from them must not exceed twelve drachmas a head per year.
     
    They shall not be imposed upon by anyone to undertake a journey, or to be forced to go to wars or to carry arms; for the Muslims have to fight for them. Do no dispute or argue with them, but deal according to the verse recorded in the Quran, to wit: ‘Do not dispute or argue with the People of the Book but in that which is best’ [29:46]. Thus they will live favored and protected from everything which may offend them by the Callers to religion (Islam), wherever they may be and in any place they may dwell.
     
    Should any Christian woman be married to a Muslim, such marriage must not take place except after her consent, and she must not be prevented from going to her church for prayer. Their churches must be honored and they must not be withheld from building churches or repairing convents.
     
    They must not be forced to carry arms or stones; but the Muslims must protect them and defend them against others. It is positively incumbent upon every one of the follower of Islam not to contradict or disobey this oath until the Day of Resurrection and the end of the world.
     
    ____________________
     

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    High quality matte photograph of Ottoman Hilye manuscript by Mehmed Tahir describing the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ).

    The hilyah, or hilye-i sherife, is the verbal description of the physical characteristics of the Prophet Muhammad, as recorded by his son-in-law and cousin, ‘Ali ibn abi Talib. Its diagrammatic form, attributed to the Ottoman calligrapher Hafız ‘Osman (d 1698), presents the text in a central roundel, often outlined by a crescent, enclosed in a rectangle. The text continues in an oblong panel at the foot of the page. At each corner of the central rectangle are cloud panels with the names of the Orthodox caliphs, and above and below are panels of inscription, normally the basmalah and one or more Qur’anic verses. The writing of the hilyah was a work of piety, but it was also designed to evoke reverence in the viewer, and has amuletic properties

    Mehmed Tahir (d 1845), was one of the most brilliant students of Mahmud Celalüddin, and is said to have even surpassed his teacher in writing the monumental or jali scripts.  His fame and skill were such that later in life he became the calligraphy master of Sultan Abdülmejid I (r 1839–1861) and then of the children of Sultan ‘Abdülhamid II (r 1876–1909).

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 192
     
    Country of Origin: Turkey
     
    Subject: Hilye (Description of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)
    Calligrapher: Mehmed Tahir
    Height: 42 x 29.5 cm
     
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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Ali Hüsrevoğlu from Turkey. Ali Hüsrevoğlu was born in Afyonkarahisar in 1956. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Marmara University in 1979. Hüsrevoğlu began learning calligraphy in 1974. He received a professional license from the great master Hamid Aytaç in 1982. In 1992, Hüsrevoğlu prepared the calligraphy for the project of the Medine-i Münevvere in the Mescid-i Nebevi. Since 1993, he has had many solo exhibitions and has participated in numerous group exhibitions and conferences in Turkey and abroad. He has received many awards for his calligraphy works. Currently, Hüsrevoğlu continues to create classic and modern calligraphy works at his workshop in Istanbul.
     
    The verses of Ayat al-Kursi translates to:

    Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave ? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.
     
    Detailed Description:
     
    Item Number: 402
      
    Country of Origin: Turkey

    Subject: Ayat al-Kursi
    Edition: Limited
    Calligrapher: Ali Hüsrevoğlu
    Size: 48 x 48 cm
     
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    Divine Name Allah in Maghrebi script from Morocco. The poster is printed on high-quality photograph matt paper.

    Detailed Description:

    Item number: 3

    Translation of Main Calligraphy: Allah, May his glory be glorified! 
    Style: Maghrebi
    Length: 30.50 cm
    Width: 41 cm
     
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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Mehmet Memiş from Turkey. Assistant Prof. Dr. Mehmet Memiş was born in Çorum, Bayat in 1960. He graduated from the Faculty of Religious Studies at Konya University. While studying in Konya, he learned calligraphy from Hüseyin Öksüz. In 1985, Memiş was appointed to Kadıköy K. Atatürk Middle School. He continued his calligraphy work with Hasan Çelebi in Istanbul. In 1985-1988, Memiş attended Turkish Decorative Arts Course at the Topkapı Palace Museum. He learned nesta′likand Divanî scripts from Prof. Ali Alparslan in 1989-1990; and received a professional license in Sülüs-Nesih scripts from Hüseyin Öksüz in 1992. Memiş completed master′s degree at the Department of Traditional Turkish Handicrafts in the Faculty of Fine Arts of Marmara University in 1993. In the same year, he started teaching Turkish and Islamic Art History in the Faculty of Religious Studies at Harran University. After completing his doctoral degree in Turkish and Islamic Art History at Marmara University in 1998, Memiş started teaching Turkish and Islamic Art History as an assistant professor in the Faculty of Religious Studies at Sakarya University. He has also taught calligraphy in the Faculty of Fine Arts at the same university. Dr. Memiş has participated in numerous group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad, and has received 9 awards. He has also held his three solo exhibitions. Dr. Memiş currently continues teaching at Sakarya University.


    About the Hilye:

    The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".

    They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").

    In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.

    Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 417

    Country of Origin: Turkey

    Subject: Hilye Sherif
    Calligrapher: Mehmet Memiş
    Edition: Limited
    Size: 46 X 68 cm
     
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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Mehmet Özçay from Turkey. Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.

    In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.

    Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 416

    Country of Origin: Turkey

    Subject: bi-smi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm in Thuluth (In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful)
    Calligrapher: Mehmet Özçay
    Illumination: Belgin Tuna 
    Edition: Limited
    Size: 22.5 x 45.5 cm
      

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Mehmet Özçay from Turkey. Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.

    In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.

    Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.

    The verses of Ayat al-Kursi, on this poster, translates to:

    Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave ? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.
     
    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 404

    Subject: Ayat al-Kursi in Thuluth script
    Edition: Limited
    Calligrapher: Mehmed Özçay
    Illumination: Arda Çakmak
    Size: 35 x 47 cm
     

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    Lehnert & Landrock were a German-Bohemian photography duo. Their hand-tinted photographs featured Egyptian and Tunisian monuments and, more controversially, eroticized images of Arab women posed within harem scenes. Lehnert & Landrock’s photographs attempted to embody a romanticized vision of the Arab world held by Europe, intetended to titillate rather than serve as a true document of everyday life in the region. The artists were Rudolf Franz Lehnert, born on July 13, 1878 in Velká Úpa, Bohemia, and Ernst Heinrich Landrock, born on August 4, 1878 in Reinsdorf, Germany. Upon returning from a trip to North Africa, Lehnert met Landrock in Switzerland and the two decided to go into business together. Lehnert acted as the photographer and Landrock organized the expeditions, photolab, and marketing of postcards, posters, and prints. They lived both in Tunis and Cairo but periodically made trips back to Europe throughout their lives. Today, their works can be found in the collections of the Penn Museum Archives in Philadelphia, the Musée de l’Elysée in Lausanne, and the San Francisco State University Museum, among others. Lehnert died on January 16, 1948 in Reydef, Tunisia, and Landrock died on April 30, 1966 in Kreuzlingen, Switzerland.

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 197

    Photo: Ouled Nail couple from Algeria
    Date of original photograph: 1904
    Type: Photo printed on  high-quality matt photograph paper
    Size: A4
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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present a Limited Edition Islamic Print: Hilye Sherif from Turkey by Mehmet Özçay, who is a leading Turkish calligrapher.

    Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.

    In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.

    Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.

    About the Hilye:

    The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".

    They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").

    In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.

    Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 700
     
    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Subject: Hilye Sherif
    Calligrapher: Mehmet Özçay
    Edition: Limited
    Size: 47 x 68 cm
      

    ____________________

      

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the traditional Islamic Ottoman calligraphy of Hasan Çelebi. Hasan Çelebi was born in Erzurum in 1937. He is a Turkish master of Arabic calligraphy, and a student of renowned Ottoman calligrapher Hamid Aytaç, who in turn was one of the final links in the strict master-student system that had been in operation in an unbroken line for 500 years.

    Hasan Çelebi has been featured across the world; the Washington Post lauded him as "of the most celebrated masters of classical Ottoman calligraphy style". One of his students includes both Mohammed Zakariya and Soraya Syed, both internationally recognised calligraphers in their own right.

    About the Hilye:

    The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".

    They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").

    In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.

    Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 696
     
    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Subject: Hilye Sherif
    Calligrapher: Hasan  Çelebi
    Illumination by: Ayten Tiryaki and Seyma Okur
    Edition: Limited
    Size: 44 x 68 cm
     
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Mehmet Özçay from Turkey. Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.

    In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.

    Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.
     
    Detailed Description:
     
    Item Number: 418
     
    Subject: Shahada in Thuluth style (There is no god but God, and Muhammad is His Prophet)
    Edition: Limited
    Calligrapher:  Mehmet Özçay
    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Size:   32 x 63 cm 
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Mehmet Özçay from Turkey. Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.

    In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.

    Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.
     
    Detailed Description:
     
    Item Number: 415
     
    Subject: Masha' Allah wa la quwata ila bi'illah in Thuluth style (God has willed and there is no power except through God)
    Edition: Limited
    Calligrapher:  Mehmet Özçay
    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Size:  20 x 60 cm
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Ayten Tiryaki-Şeyda Gönen from Turkey. Ayten Tiryaki was born in Ordu in 1961. She graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Ankara University. She completed her master’s degree at her alma mater in 1983. In the same year, Tiryaki started learning calligraphy from Hasan Çelebi, and illumination art (Tezhip) from Prof. Dr. Çiçek Derman and Assistant Prof. İnci Ayan Birol. Tiryaki obtained her professional license in illumination art from Prof. Dr. Derman; and in calligraphy from Hasan Çelebi. Tiryaki has participated in many group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad, and has received numerous awards. Her works can be seen in various private collections. Currently, Tiryaki continues to work and teaches at the Burhaniye Culture Center, the Şehbal Culture Center and her workshop in Istanbul.
     
    Detailed Description:
     
    Item Number: 400
     
    Subject: 99 Names of God (asmāʾu l-ḥusnā)
    Edition: Limited
    Calligrapher: Ayten Tiryaki-Şeyda Gönen
    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Size: 48 x 48 cm
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the traditional Islamic Ottoman calligraphy of Emine Saglam Bakan. This gently decorated floral hilye has been illuminated by Yasemin Ergün.

    About the Hilye:

    The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".

    They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").

    In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.

    Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 707
    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Subject: Hilye Sherif
    Calligrapher: Emine Saglam Bakan
    Illumination:  Yasemin Ergün
    Edition: Limited
    Size: 46 x 68 cm
     
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Mehmet Özçay from Turkey. Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.

    In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.

    Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.

    The verses of Surat al-Asr, on this poster, translates to:
    By the declining day,
    Lo! man is a state of loss,
    Save those who believe and do good works,
    and exhort one another to truth
    and exhort one another to endurance.

     
    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 705

    Subject: Surat al-Asr in Thuluth script
    Edition: Limited (300 prints)
    Calligrapher: Mehmet Ozcay 
    Illumination: Fatma Ozcay
    Size: 45.5 x 41 cm
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of  Mumtaz Durdu from Turkey. Durdu was born in Tirebolu in 1958. He finished primary and middle school education in Zonguldak. He hold a university education from Ankara. From the tender age of high school, Mumtaz Durdu was intrigued by the science of Islamic calligraphy, and once in Ankara, he sought out ways to study the sacred art. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Hasan Çelebi, and in 1995 obtained his professional license from the master.

    Durdu's work has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He currently resides in Istanbul's Kocamustafapasa district.

    The verses of Ayat al-Kursi, on this poster, translates to:

    Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave ? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.
     
    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 701

    Subject: Ayat al-Kursi in Thuluth script
    Edition: Limited
    Calligrapher: Mumtaz Durdu 
    Size: 40 x 54 cm
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Mehmet Özçay from Turkey. Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.

    In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.

    Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.
       
    Translation:
     
    Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Those who are merciful will be shown mercy by the Most Merciful. Be merciful to those on the earth and the One in the heavens will have mercy upon you.”

    (Sunan al-Tirmidhī 1924)
     
    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 695

    Subject: Hadith on Compassion
    Edition: Limited
    Calligrapher: Mehmed Özçay
    Illumination: Fatma  Özçay
    Size: 58 x 63 cm
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the traditional Islamic Ottoman calligraphy of Ayten Tiryaki. Ayten Tiryaki was born in Ordu in 1961. In 1983 she graduated from the Faculty of Theology of Ankara University with a master's degree. She continued her studies on classical arts she started in Ankara in 1978 in Istanbul. In 1983, Tiryaki began to receive calligraphy lessons from Hattat Hasan Çelebi. In 1989, she received her first call as a female calligrapher from Çelebi. Çiçek Derman and İnci Ayan Birol also received a grant for illumination. Tiryaki participated in many exhibitions both at home and abroad. There are books and plates printed by the artist whose works are found in various collections. Tiryaki, who continues to educate students and art in line and illumination courses, has given illumination to fifteen students and seventeen students to date.

    About the Hilye:

    The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".

    They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").

    In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.

    Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 427
    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Subject: Hilye Sherif
    Calligrapher: Ayten Tiryaki
    Edition: Limited
    Size: 65 x 97 cm
     
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the traditional Islamic Ottoman calligraphy of Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi. Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi (Modern Turkish: Yesârîzâde Mustafa Izzet Efendi) (d. 1849) was an Ottoman calligrapher. He was born in Istanbul and was the son of the calligrapher Mehmed Esad Yesari. After studying calligraphy, he served as a Kazasker of Rumelia. Mustafa became a well known calligrapher in his own right, and taught students in court.

    About the Hilye:

    The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".

    They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").

    In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.

    Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 426

    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Subject: Hilye Sherif
    Calligrapher: Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi
    Edition: Limited
    Size: 50 x 74 cm 
     

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    Rumi's Garden is proud to present the contemporary traditional Islamic calligraphy of Mehmet Özçay from Turkey. Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.

    In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.

    Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.
     
    Detailed Description:
     
    Item Number: 414
     
    Subject: Shahada in Thuluth style (There is no god but God, and Muhammad is His Prophet)
    Edition: Limited
    Calligrapher:  Mehmet Özçay
    Country of Origin: Turkey
    Size:  24 x 67 cm
     

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    The Mevlevi Order was founded by the followers of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi-Rumi (popularly referred to as Rumi) in 1273. Rumi was a 13th century Islamic spiritual leader who was born in 1207 in Balkh in present day Afghanistan. With the onset of the Mongol invasion of Central Asia between 1215 and 1220, Rumi’s family journeyed westwards, eventually settling down in Konya, Anatolia, in present day Turkey.

    One of Rumi’s most fruitful friendships was with Shams-e Tabrizi, whom he met at the age of 37. Among other things, Shams had introduced Rumi to music, poetry and dance as a mystical way of connecting with the divine. It is these artistic expressions that are the characteristic features of the whirling dervishes of the Mevlevi Order, which was founded after Rumi’s death by his son, Sultan Veled, his disciple Çelebi Hüsamettin, and his grandson Ulu Arif Çelebi.

    The Mevlevi Sema ceremony is arguably the Order’s most distinct practice, and is said to have been created by Rumi himself. Its form, however, was only finalized sometime in the 15th century by one of Rumi’s great-grandsons, Pir Adil Çelebi. The Mevlevi Order became a respected school of Sufism (the esoteric dimension of Islam). Moreover, a blood relation was formed between the Order and the Ottoman imperial dynasty when one of Rumi’s descendants, Devlet Hatun, married Sultan Bayezid I.

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 199
    Photo: Whirling Dervishes in Galata Mawlawi House in Turkey
    Date of original photograph:1870
    Type: Photo printed on  high-quality matt photograph paper
    Size: A4
     
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    Berbers, or Amazighs, are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa, primarily inhabiting Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya and a part of western Egypt.

    Berbers are distributed in an area stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Siwa Oasis in Egypt and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Niger River in West Africa. Historically, they spoke Berber languages, which together form the Berber branch of the Afroasiatic family. Since the Muslim conquest of North Africa in the 17th century, a large number of Berbers inhabiting the Maghreb (Tamazgha) have in varying degrees used a lingua franca, which in most cases is a Maghrebi Arabic dialect. After the colonization of North Africa by France, "the French government succeeded in integrating the French language in Algeria by making French the official national language and requiring all education to take place in French." Foreign languages, mainly French and to some degree Spanish, inherited from former European colonial powers, are used by most educated Berbers in Algeria and Morocco in some formal contexts, such as higher education or business.

    Most Berber people live in North Africa, mainly in Libya, Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.[4] Small Berber populations are also found in Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso and Egypt as well as large immigrant communities living in France, Spain, Canada, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and other countries of Europe.

    The majority of Berbers are Sunni Muslim. The Berber identity is usually wider than language and ethnicity and encompasses the entire history and geography of North Africa. Berbers are not an entirely homogeneous ethnicity, and they encompass a range of societies and ancestries. The unifying forces for the Berber people may be their shared language or a collective identification with Berber heritage and history.

    There are some 25–30 million Berber speakers in North Africa. The number of ethnic Berbers (including non-Berber speakers) is far greater, as a large part of the Berbers have acquired other languages over the course of many decades or centuries and no longer speak Berber today. The majority of North Africa's population is believed to be Berber in origin, although due to Arabization most ethnic Berbers identify as Arabized Berbers.

    Berbers call themselves some variant of the word i-Mazigh-en (singular: a-Mazigh), possibly meaning "free people" or "noble men". The name probably had its ancient parallel in the Roman and Greek names for Berbers, Mazices. Some of the best known of the ancient Berbers are the Numidian king Masinissa, king Jugurtha, the Berber-Roman author Apuleius, Saint Augustine of Hippo, and the Berber-Roman general Lusius Quietus, who was instrumental in defeating the major wave of Jewish revolts of 115–117. Dihya, or Kahina, was a religious and military leader who led a fierce Berber resistance against the Arab-Muslim expansion in Northwest Africa. Kusaila was a 7th-century leader of the Awraba tribe of the Berber people and King of the Sanhadja confederation. Yusuf ibn Tashfin was king of the Berber Almoravid dynasty; Tariq ibn Ziyad the general who conquered Hispania; Abbas Ibn Firnas, a prolific inventor and early pioneer in aviation; Ibn Battuta, a medieval explorer who traveled the longest known distances of his time.
     
    Detailed Description: 
     
    Item Number: 198

    Photo: Prayer in the Sahara by the Descendants of Baranis Berbers in Algeria
     
    Date of Original Photo:1800s
     
    Type: Photo printed on  high-quality matt photograph paper
    Size: A4
     
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    Lehnert & Landrock were a German-Bohemian photography duo. Their hand-tinted photographs featured Egyptian and Tunisian monuments and, more controversially, eroticized images of Arab women posed within harem scenes. Lehnert & Landrock’s photographs attempted to embody a romanticized vision of the Arab world held by Europe, intetended to titillate rather than serve as a true document of everyday life in the region. The artists were Rudolf Franz Lehnert, born on July 13, 1878 in Velká Úpa, Bohemia, and Ernst Heinrich Landrock, born on August 4, 1878 in Reinsdorf, Germany. Upon returning from a trip to North Africa, Lehnert met Landrock in Switzerland and the two decided to go into business together. Lehnert acted as the photographer and Landrock organized the expeditions, photolab, and marketing of postcards, posters, and prints. They lived both in Tunis and Cairo but periodically made trips back to Europe throughout their lives. Today, their works can be found in the collections of the Penn Museum Archives in Philadelphia, the Musée de l’Elysée in Lausanne, and the San Francisco State University Museum, among others. Lehnert died on January 16, 1948 in Reydef, Tunisia, and Landrock died on April 30, 1966 in Kreuzlingen, Switzerland.

    Detailed Description:

    Item Number: 196

    Photo: Ouled Nail couple from Algeria
    Date of original photograph: 1904
    Type: Photo printed on  high-quality matt photograph paper
    Size: A4
     
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