Item Number: 696
۩ Country of Origin: Turkey
۩ Subject: Hilye Sherif
(Description of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ)
۩ Calligrapher: Hasan
۩ Illumination by: Ayten Tiryaki and Seyma Okur
۩ Edition: Limited
۩ Size: 44 x 68 cm
Rumi's Garden is proud to present the traditional Islamic Ottoman calligraphy of Hasan Çelebi. Hasan Çelebi was born in Erzurum in 1937. He is a Turkish master of Arabic calligraphy, and a student of renowned Ottoman calligrapher Hamid Aytaç, who in turn was one of the final links in the strict master-student system that had been in operation in an unbroken line for 500 years.
Hasan Çelebi has been featured across the world; the Washington Post lauded him as "of the most celebrated masters of classical Ottoman calligraphy style". One of his students includes both Mohammed Zakariya and Soraya Syed, both internationally recognised calligraphers in their own right.
The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".
They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").
In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.
Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).