Item Number: 419
۩ Country of Origin: Turkey
۩ Subject: Hilye Sherif
(Description of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ)
۩ Calligrapher: Hacı Nuri Korman
۩ Edition: Limited
۩ Size: 65 x 100 cm
Rumi's Garden is proud to present the traditional Islamic calligraphy of Hacı Nuri Korman from Turkey. Hacı Nuri Korman was born in 1285 hijri (1868). He was the last living student of the great Ottoman calligrapher, composer, poet and statesman, Kazasker Mustafa Izzet Efendi. In the writing of Jalî thuluth, the influence of the Mustafa Râkim School is also perceived. Some of his architectural calligraphy can still be seen around Turkey in the Kartaltepe Mosque, the Azapkapi Mosque, the clock tower in the Şaban-ı Velî Dergahı in Kastamonu and the dome of the German Fountain in Sultan Ahmet . He passed away in 1371 (1951).
The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).