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Framed Hilya Panel | Description of Prophet Muhammad by Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi; Turkey


Hilye panel by Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi

Rumi's Garden is proud to present a reproduction of a majestic traditional Ottoman hilya composed by the master calligrapher Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi. The hilye is currently displayed in the Topkapi Palace Museum.
Composed mainly of intricate golden floral designs set to a black background, this uppermost layout of this unique style of hilye consists of a roundel on top of a dome. Within the roundel are the two testimonies of faith scripted on two separate lines:

لا إله إلا الله
محمد رسول الله

There is no deity but God;
Muhammad is the messenger of God.

The headpiece contains a wonderful hadith attributed to Sayidna Ali that translates to:

He who sees my hilya after me, it is as if he has actually seen me, and he who sees it out of love and desire for me, God will forbid the fire of Hell to touch him; he will be safe from the trials of the grave, and he will not be sent forth naked on the day of resurrection.

(al Tirmidhi)

Surrounding the main description of the Last Messenger of Allah ﷺ, are 14 roundels that contain the following; Allah, Muhammad, Hassan, Hussain, and the 10 companions promised Paradise (Arabic: العشرة المبشرون بالجنة‎, al-`Asharaa al-Mubasharûn bi-l-Janna). According to Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi the hadith about The Ten With Glad Tidings of Paradise states the following:


Abu Bakr is in Paradise, ʿUmar is in Paradise, ʿUthman is in Paradise, ʿAli is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Al-Zubair is in Paradise, ʿAbdur-Rahman bin ʿAwf is in Paradise, Saʿd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Saʿeed is in Paradise, Abu ʿUbaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise.

Within the main oval roundel is the famous description of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ narrated by Sayidna Ali, and reported in Imam al-Tirmidhi’s Shamail al-Muhammadiyyah which states:

He was neither excessively tall. Nor extremely short. But rather was of a medium stature among (his) people. His hair was neither extremely curly. Nor straight. But rather it was wavy and flowing. He was neither corpulent. Nor was his face completely circular. But it was slightly rounded. His complexion was fair with some redness. His eyes were very black, his eyelashes were long. His joints were large and his shoulders broad. He was smooth-skinned; a thin line of hair ran from his chest to his navel. His hands and feet were full-fleshed and sturdy. He walked with vigor, as though descending from a height. When he turned to look at someone or something, he would turn with his whole person. Between his shoulders was the Seal of Prophethood. And he is the Seal of the Prophets. His heart was the soundest and most generous of hearts. His speech is the most truthful of speech. He was the gentlest of people. And the kindest of them in companionship. Whoever saw him unexpectedly would be awe-stricken. Whoever came to know him would love him. Whoever described him would say, “I saw neither before him or after him anyone like him”.

The bottom large script consists of the Quranic ayah from Surah al-Qalam [68:4]:

وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ

And verily of an immense magnitude is thy nature.


The life of master calligrapher Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi

Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi was born in Istanbul, in the 1780s,  and was the son of the calligrapher Mehmed Esad Yesari. After studying calligraphy with his father, he served as a Kazasker of Rumelia. Mustafa became one of the most important calligraphers of his time and taught students at the Imperial Court. His father had developed a unique style of ta'liq script called nesta'lik, which was based on elements from the Persian master, Mir Emad Hassani combined with stylistic elements developed by Mehmed Esad Yesari (Yesarizade's father). Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet built on changes made by his father, making further improvements and elaborating the rules for the method. This new style was called jali ta'liq and was much better suited to Ottoman tastes. His version of the script remains largely unchanged and has been passed down to the modern day. He died on 23 June 1849 and was buried near the Fâtih madrasah, next to his father.



Details of the hilye-i-saadat reproduction by Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi

۩ Country of Origin: Ottoman Turkey 
۩ Time Period: 1822
۩ Artist: Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi
۩ Size: Approximately 46 x 34 cm (including frame)
۩ Print: High-quality matte print and detail finishings
۩ Frame: Wood frame with a gold finish
Please note that Rumi's Garden is now based in Spain. After Brexit, orders to the UK are no longer charged a 20% VAT tax. However, the UK government may deduct an import tax via the courier service.

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