Item Number: 426
۩ Country of Origin: Turkey
۩ Subject: Hilye Sherif
(Description of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ)
۩ Calligrapher: Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi
۩ Edition: Limited High Quality Lithograph
۩ Size: 50 x 74 cm
Rumi's Garden is proud to present the traditional Islamic Ottoman calligraphy of Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi. Yesarizade Mustafa Izzet Efendi (Modern Turkish: Yesârîzâde Mustafa Izzet Efendi) (d. 1849) was an Ottoman calligrapher. He was born in Istanbul and was the son of the calligrapher Mehmed Esad Yesari. After studying calligraphy, he served as a Kazasker of Rumelia. Mustafa became a well known calligrapher in his own right, and taught students in court.
The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).