Rumi's Garden is proud to present the traditional Islamic Ottoman calligraphy of Ayten Tiryaki. Ayten Tiryaki was born in Ordu in 1961. In 1983 he graduated from the Faculty of Theology of Ankara University with a master's degree. He continued his studies on classical arts he started in Ankara in 1978 in Istanbul. In 1983, Tiryaki began to receive calligraphy lessons from Hattat Hasan Çelebi. In 1989, he received his first call as a female calligrapher from his son Çelebi. Çiçek Derman and İnci Ayan Birol also received a grant for illumination. Tiryaki participated in many exhibitions both at home and abroad. There are books and plates printed by the artist whose works are found in various collections. Tiryaki, who continues to educate students and art in line and illumination courses, has given illumination to fifteen students and seventeen students to date.
About the Hilye:
The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".
They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").
In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.
Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).
Item Number: 427
Country of Origin: Turkey
Subject: Hilye Sherif
Calligrapher: Ayten Tiryaki
Size: 65 x 97 cm