Item Number: 700
۩ Country of Origin: Turkey
۩ Subject: Hilye Sherif
(Description of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ)
۩ Calligrapher: Mehmet Özçay
۩ Edition: Limited High Quality Lithograph
۩ Size: 47 x 68 cm
Rumi's Garden is proud to present a Limited Edition Islamic Print: Hilye Sherif from Turkey by Mehmet Özçay, who is a leading Turkish calligrapher.
Mehmet Özçay was born in Çankaya, Trabzon in 1961. He finished primary and middle school education in Gerede. He graduated from the Faculty of Theology at Atatürk University in 1986. He learned nesih and sülüs scripts from Fuat Başar, and obtained his professional license from the master.
In 1986 and 1989, Özçay participated in the international calligraphy competitions, which were organized by the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) and won six prizes in various categories. In 1992, he copied and wrote the Holy Qur’an and published it in 1992. The book “Spoken by the Hand, Heart by the Eye” which is the selection of his calligraphy works spanning 25 years, was published in English and Arabic in 2007.
Özçay has had many solo exhibitions, and has participated in numerous international group exhibitions in Turkey and abroad. He has also served as a jury member in many international calligraphy competitions. He has established his own style in colored scribble (karalama) panels which are written with celi sülüs and celi nesih scripts. His calligraphy works can be seen in various national and international museums and private collections. Currently, Özçay continues to work at his workshop in Istanbul.
The term hilya (Arabic حلية (plural: ḥilan, ḥulan), Turkish: hilye (plural: hilyeler) denotes a religious genre of Ottoman Turkish literature, dealing with the physical description of Muhammad. Hilya literally means "ornament".They originate with the discipline of shama'il, the study of Muhammad's appearance and character, based on hadith accounts, most notably Tirmidhi's al-Shama'il al-Muhamadiyyah wa al-Khasa'il al-Mustafawiyyah ("The Sublime Characteristics of Muhammad").In Ottoman-era folk Islam, there was a belief that reading and possessing Muhammad's description protects the person from trouble in this world and the next, it became customary to carry such descriptions, rendered in fine calligraphy and illuminated, as amulets. In 17th-century OttomanTurkey, hilyes developed into an art form with a standard layout, often framed and used as a wall decoration.Later hilyes were also written for the first four Caliphs, the companions of Muhammad, Muhammad's grandchildren (Hasan and Hussein) and Islamic saints (walis).