Description of the Ashtiname of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
The Ashtiname of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, also known as the Covenant or Testament (Testamentum), is a charter ratified by The Messenger of Allah ﷺ granting protection and other privileges to the followers of Jesus the Nazarene. It was given to the Christian monks of Saint Catherine's Monastery.It is sealed with an imprint representing Prophet Muhammad's ﷺ hand.
According to the monks' tradition, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ frequented the monastery and had great relationships and discussions with the Sinai fathers. Several certified historical copies are displayed in the library of St Catherine, some of which are witnessed by the judges of Islam to affirm historical authenticity. The monks claim that during the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–17), the original document was seized from the monastery by Ottoman soldiers and taken to Sultan Selim I's palace in Istanbul for safekeeping. A copy was then made to compensate for its loss at the monastery.
Āshtīnāmeh is a Persian word meaning "Book of Peace", a Persian term for a treaty and covenant.
An Excerpt of the English Translation of the Ashtiname by Anton F. Haddad
This is a letter which was issued by Mohammed, Ibn Abdullah, the Messenger, the Prophet, the Faithful, who is sent to all the people as a trust on the part of God to all His creatures, that they may have no plea against God hereafter. Verily God is Omnipotent, the Wise. This letter is directed to the embracers of Islam, as a covenant given to the followers of Jesus the Nazarene in the East and West, the far and near, the Arabs and foreigners, the known and the unknown.
This letter contains the oath given unto them, and he who disobeys that which is therein will be considered a disbeliever and a transgressor to that whereunto he is commanded. He will be regarded as one who has corrupted the oath of God, disbelieved His Testament, rejected His Authority, despised His Religion, and made himself deserving of His Curse, whether he is a Sultan or any other believer of Islam. Whenever Christian monks, devotees and pilgrims gather together, whether in a mountain or valley, or den, or frequented place, or plain, or church, or in houses of worship, verily we are [at the] back of them and shall protect them, and their properties and their morals, by Myself, by My Friends and by My Assistants, for they are of My Subjects and under My Protection.
I shall exempt them from that which may disturb them; of the burdens which are paid by others as an oath of allegiance. They must not give anything of their income but that which pleases them—they must not be offended, or disturbed, or coerced or compelled. Their judges should not be changed or prevented from accomplishing their offices, nor the monks disturbed in exercising their religious order, or the people of seclusion be stopped from dwelling in their cells.
No one is allowed to plunder these Christians, or destroy or spoil any of their churches, or houses of worship, or take any of the things contained within these houses and bring it to the houses of Islam. And he who takes away anything therefrom, will be one who has corrupted the oath of God, and, in truth, disobeyed His Messenger.
Jizya should not be put upon their judges, monks, and those whose occupation is the worship of God; nor is any other thing to be taken from them, whether it be a fine, a tax or any unjust right. Verily I shall keep their compact, wherever they may be, in the sea or on the land, in the East or West, in the North or South, for they are under My Protection and the testament of My Safety, against all things which they abhor.
Details of the Ashtiname Poster
۩ High quality printed replica of The Ashtiname of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ measuring 98 x 58 cm. Some adjustments have been made to improve the clarity and visibility of the original image, including adjustments to the size of the text and the handprint.
۩ The letter comes with an in-house Rumi's Garden certificate that contains a translation of the letter.
Please note that Rumi's Garden is now based in Spain. After Brexit, orders to the UK are no longer charged a 20% VAT tax. However, the UK government may deduct an import tax via the courier service.